Pamphlets | Flugblätter

The White Rose used the written word to call the German people to resist Nazism and to contribute to an end to the Second World War. They produced Flugblätter — leaflets or pamphletsto spread their ideas. In total six leaflets were printed and distributed by the White Rose. The first four leaflets were drafted by Hans Scholl and Alexander Schmorell in the summer of 1942. On 23 July 1942 Hans, Alex, and Willi Graf set off for a tour of duty at the Russian front. When they returned they resumed the leaflet campaign. Kurt Huber helped them with the fifth leaflet in January 1943, and wrote the sixth leaflet independently in February 1943 following the Germans’ terrible defeat at Stalingrad. Huber laid the blame squarely at Hitler’s door, and urged the reader to resist: ‘Es gibt für uns nur eine Parole: Kampf gegen die Partei!’ [For us there is only one cry: fight the Party!]. The rough version of a seventh leaflet, drafted by Christoph Probst, was found on Hans Scholl when he was apprehended at the university in February 1943. Hans tried to swallow the incriminating paper but was unable to do so.

The White Rose Project is pleased to announce the publication of The White Rose: Reading, Writing, Resistance (Oxford: Taylor Institution Library, 2019). This edited volume includes facsimiles of the White Rose pamphlets and transcriptions of the German alongside a new English translation. While there are many versions of the pamphlets in English, the translations included here are the result of a collaborative process (as is true of the original pamphlets) and were undertaken by undergraduate students at the University of Oxford as part of The White Rose Project. The White Rose: Reading, Writing, Resistance can be purchased at the Taylor Institution Library, University of Oxford, or from

You can read the Oxford student translators’ versions of the pamphlets in English here:

The First Pamphlet

The Second Pamphlet

The Third Pamphlet

The Fourth Pamphlet

The Fifth Pamphlet

The Sixth Pamphlet

The pamphlets are also available in German here.

This video from the White Rose Foundation (Weiße Rose Stiftung) in Munich shows how the leaflets were typed, copied using a duplicating machine, and posted.