This exhibition opened on 12 October 2018, on the 75th anniversary of Willi Graf’s execution. It presented the White Rose group’s lives and legacy through examples of what they read and wrote, using books from the Taylorian and Bodleian Library holdings.
Here is a brief overview of the exhibition, or read the full catalogue here.
There is a good deal more to be said about the White Rose group than can be presented in a handful of exhibition cabinets. Our aim here is to show a snapshot of their lives, their resistance activities, and their legacy, through examples of what they read and wrote. The exhibition displays items from the world-class holdings of the Taylor Institution Library and the Bodleian Library. Where possible we have exhibited editions comparable or identical to those which the White Rose members read.
Cabinet 1 — The White Rose Resistance Group
This cabinet introduces the six core members of the White Rose. The group’s reach extended far beyond Munich, and many individuals were involved on the periphery. There were further trials in Hamburg and in other German cities, resulting in prison sentences and executions.
Cabinet 2 — How Reading Shaped the Path to Resistance
What motivated the members of the White Rose to resist? What influenced them to reject Nazism? One answer to this persistent question lies in the fact that the members of the White Rose were voracious readers. Their letters and diaries make frequent mention of the books they were reading, and they sometimes read communally, reading passages aloud in turn, and discussing the ideas they encountered. The materials in this cabinet show some examples of the literature that influenced their intellectual and moral development.
Cabinet 3 — Banned Books and Book Burnings
Under the Nazis, a list of banned authors was compiled and published by the Reichsministerium für Volksaufklärung und Propaganda [Reich Ministry of Public Enlightenment and Propaganda]. Authors, living and dead, were banned for being of Jewish descent, or because of their political convictions. Those suspected of Communist or pacifist sympathies were also banned. Authors whose works were illegal under the Nazis included Franz Kafka, Erich Maria Remarque, Arthur Schnitzler, Kurt Tucholsky, and Else Lasker-Schüler.
Cabinet 4 — Writing and Resistance in the German Context
The White Rose used the written word to call the German people to resist Nazism and to contribute to an end to the Second World War. They distributed leaflets — Flugblätter — to spread their ideas and to reach as many individuals as possible. The ‘Flugblatt’ was the first medium of mass communication, and in the history of the German-speaking lands we find leaflets and flyers used to disseminate ideas and information, for the purposes of propaganda and control, as well as provocation and resistance.
Cabinet 5 — The White Rose Leaflets
In total six leaflets were printed and distributed by the White Rose. The rough version of a seventh leaflet, drafted by Christoph Probst, was found on Hans Scholl when he was apprehended at the university in February 1943. Hans tried to destroy the incriminating paper but was unable to do so.
Cabinet 6 — The White Rose: Its Legacy in Literature and Film
The legacy of the White Rose can be found all over Germany today: from street signs and school names, to popular cinema. There is even a waxwork of Sophie Scholl at the Madame Tussauds in Berlin. This cabinet explores the legacy of the White Rose in literary and visual culture since 1945